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Candle-making materials (a rough overview) ...

Waxes
Let's start by saying that there are plenty of waxes with different characteristics, so the choice is entirely up to you and this post doesn't pretend to be an encyclopaedia of candle-making materials!

I do not like to categorize waxes into natural or not natural because also paraffin derives from something, the petroleum, that is actually existing in nature!
I prefer to tag them as vegetal-, animal- and mineral-derived waxes.
Among plant-derived ones you can find soy wax, colza wax and palm wax (and more).
Beeswax is clearly from an animal source (bees do not suffer, they produce wax without being tortured!).
And paraffin, as above-mentioned, is made of hydrocarbons, mixtures of alkanes usually in a homologous series of chain lengths. It is refined from petroleum by vacuum distillation. 


'Petroleum (Wikipedia definition) (L. petroleum, from early 15c. "petroleum, rock oil" (mid-14c. in Anglo-French), from Medieval Latin petroleum, from Latin: petra: "rock" + oleum: "oil") is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface, which is commonly refined into various types of fuels.'

It's worth mentioning that you can also use gel for candle-making (gel is a mixture of polymer and mineral oil). I don't like gel very much, and I tend to use it as little as I can, but for some projects it is absolutely required!   

Wicks
They can be made of cotton or wood, they can be primed or not , they can be flat, round etc. 
The two most important things (at least for me) are the choice of the size and, for the cotton ones, that they are LEAD-FREE! 

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